This is IONA. Its history, while short, is marked with incredible tradition. Founded in exile, Iona has long stood for the development of learning within a context of the unconventional. This publication believes in tracing consequences to their origin(s) and uncovering the trail for public travel.  While the journal’s title pays tribute to its home—the historic Iona building— the building itself was named for the monastic community in the Scottish Hebrides. During the early middle ages, the island of Iona was one of the greatest centres of learning in Northern Europe, where invaluable documents were produced and preserved. The IONA Journal of Economics thus celebrates our new beginning with the writing of emerging researchers while coincidentally paying homage to millennia of learning and scholarship.

The IONA Journal of Economics is a student-run undergraduate research organization in the field of economics at the University of British Columbia. By providing a venue for publication, the journal hopes to provide visibility to exemplary undergraduate research and establish a dialogue between students of economics and its related disciplines. The organization consists of The IONA Journal, an annual print research journal, and The IONA Exchange, an online blog series featuring student articles discussing current affairs, economics and politics.


IONA Journal of Economics Volume IV

We are pleased to present the fourth volume of the IONA Journal of Economics, published April 2019.


Happy the man who has been able to learn the causes of things and has trampled beneath his feet all fears, inexorable fate...

—Virgil, Georgics (Book II, Line 490)